|Part of the Knowledge Portal Network team at our ASHG booth|
As usual, we released a number of new features on the Type 2 Diabetes Knowledge Portal in time for the ASHG meeting:
Calculated credible sets
Credible sets are useful because they assign to individual variants in a locus a probability of being causal for a phenotype. On Gene Pages (see an example), when viewing the type 2 diabetes phenotype, the Credible sets tab displays credible sets generated and published by Mahajan et al. (2018). However, credible sets have not been generated by researchers for phenotypes in the T2DKP other than T2D.
Now, the T2DKP provides calculated credible sets for all phenotypes. When viewing a phenotype other than T2D on the Gene page, the Credible sets tab is replaced by a Calculated credible set tab. This LocusZoom module, developed by our AMP T2D partners at the University of Michigan, automatically calculates posterior probabilities from p-values. Calculated credible sets include up to 10 variants; the credible interval covered by the set may vary, depending on the strength of associations across the region.
UK Biobank PheWAS
Recently, we added to the T2DKP another LocusZoom module for displaying phenome-wide associations. The PheWAS display, showing associations for a variant across all of the phenotypes included in the T2DKP, is the default visualization in the "Associations at a glance" section of Variant pages (see an example). Now, by checking the "Use UKBB data" box, you can view associations for a variant across about 1,400 UK Biobank phenotypes from an analysis performed by our AMP T2D partners at the University of Michigan.
|New LocusZoom visualization shows variant associations across UK Biobank phenotypes|
Forest plot visualization of variant associations
We also provide yet another LocusZoom visualization on a separate tab of the "Associations at a glance" section of the Variant page. The Forest plot is an alternative way to visualize phenotypic associations for a variant. In addition to displaying the significance of associations, the Forest plot also shows the direction of effect and the confidence interval for variant associations.
|Forest plot on the Variant page|
Genetic Risk Score module
The T2DKP now includes an initial version of the Genetic Risk Score module. This is an instantiation of the same custom burden test that is found on Gene pages, but instead of using as input a set of variants across a gene, the module uses a set of 243 variants identified by Mahajan et al. (2018) that are significantly associated with T2D risk. The module draws on 9 different datasets, including 3 housed at the Broad Data Coordinating Center and 6 housed at the T2DKP Federated node at EBI. Just like the burden test, it allows you to choose a phenotype for analysis, adjust the set of variants if desired, filter the sample set by many criteria, and set custom covariates before running the analysis. The results obtained from this module can potentially reveal genetic relationships between phenotypes. The module is still under development, and we would appreciate your feedback on it!
New Knowledge Portal added to the network
Sleep Disorder Knowledge Portal (SDKP), for the genetics of sleep and circadian traits. There is currently one dataset for sleep genetic associations in the SDKP, "UK Biobank Sleep Traits GWAS," which includes chronotype, sleep duration, insomnia, daytime sleepiness, and nap traits. Additional association datasets are available for type 2 diabetes and glycemic traits, anthropometric traits, measures of kidney function, and psychiatric traits, and more sleep data will be added soon.