Tuesday, March 6, 2018

T2DKP Winter Newsletter

The latest issue of our quarterly newsletter is now available. Download it here to find out what we've been up to!

Thursday, March 1, 2018

New release today, as the KPN moves to a regular release schedule

At the Knowledge Portal Network (consisting of the Type 2 Diabetes, Cardiovascular Disease, and Cerebrovascular Disease Knowledge Portals), we are establishing a regular bimonthly release schedule. Every other month, new data and features will be incorporated into the Portals. Today, we are pleased to announce the first of these releases.

New data in the Type 2 Diabetes Knowledge Portal

This release adds two new datasets to the T2DKP. The Diabetic Cohort - Singapore Prospective Study Program is a T2D case-control study to identify genetic and environmental risk factors for diabetes in Singapore Chinese. The DC-SP2 GWAS set, a meta-analysis of summary level T2D associations from 3,951 individuals, was contributed by Drs. Rob Martinus Van Dam, E Shyong Tai, and Xueling Sim from the National University of Singapore. They have also submitted individual-level data from this study to the Accelerating Medicines Partnership Data Coordinating Center (AMP DCC), and these data will be incorporated into the T2DKP after quality control and analysis are complete.

In addition to this set, we have incorporated the publicly available summary statistics from the DIAGRAM 1000G GWAS. This dataset, from the DIAGRAM (DIAbetes Genetics Replication And Meta-analysis) consortium, is a meta-analysis of 26,676 T2D cases and 132,532 control participants from 18 GWAS (Scott RA, et al. An Expanded Genome-Wide Association Study of Type 2 Diabetes in Europeans. (2017) Diabetes 66:2888). Samples were imputed using the all ancestries 1000 Genomes Project reference panel.

More details about both of these datasets are available on our Data page.

New features specific to the Type 2 Diabetes Knowledge Portal

We have expanded the range of data available for interactive analysis by adding individual-level data from the CAMP GWAS, BioMe AMP T2D GWAS, and METSIM GWAS datasets to the dynamic analysis modules LocusZoom and GAIT (Genetic Association Interactive Tool). LocusZoom, powered by the Hail software developed at the Broad Institute as part of the AMP T2D project, allows you to perform custom association analysis while conditioning on specific variants or sets of variants.

GAIT offers alternative options for custom association analysis, such as filtering samples by their phenotypic characteristics (e.g., age, BMI, cholesterol levels) and choosing specific covariates. To date, seven different datasets comprised of over 67,000 samples are available for dynamic analysis in GAIT. These include datasets housed both at the AMP DCC (19k exome sequence analysis; CAMP GWAS; BioMe AMP T2D GWAS; METSIM GWAS) and at the EBI Federated node (EXTEND GWAS; Oxford Biobank exome chip analysis; GoDARTS Affymetrix GWAS).

We have also taken an initial step towards integration of the T2DKP with a new federated node, the T2DREAM database of epigenomic data relevant to T2D. In the near future, epigenomic data displayed in the T2DKP will be drawn dynamically from T2DREAM. In the meantime, we have added gene- and variant-specific links to T2DREAM from the re-styled External Resources section at the bottom of Gene and Variant pages.

New features for all Knowledge Portals

Some of the improvements in this release are visible in all the Portals of the Knowledge Portal Network. One of the most significant affects LocusZoom, the dynamic plot that displays variant associations along with their genomic coordinates, linkage disequilibrium, and other information. Previously, the only way to select a phenotype was to scroll through a long list. Now, a new phenotype filter lets you enter one or more search criteria and filter the list by those criteria. Once you have selected a phenotype, the datasets that include associations for that phenotype are presented for selection. Previously, only one dataset (the one with the largest sample size) was available for each phenotype; now, associations from all relevant datasets may be viewed in LocusZoom.

Portion of the updated LocusZoom interface, showing phenotype filtering capability.

The sample filtering panel of the user interface for the custom burden test and GAIT (Genetic Association Interactive Tool) has also been improved to make it more intuitive to use. The External Resources sections of Gene and Variant pages have been re-styled, and gene- and variant-specific links to PheWeb have been added. PheWeb displays phenotypes most significantly associated with the gene or variant, based on a GWAS for over 2,400 phenotypes in UK Biobank data that was performed by Ben Neale's group. Finally, the home pages of all the Portals have been redesigned to make the appearance of the disease-specific portals more distinct.

Please browse these new data and features, and let us know what you think!